205 Anatomy Exam  September, 2004    Name __________________________       Box #____
Put all answers on the Scantron sheet, and hand in both Exam and Scantron.  On the Scantron: Test 
Form is A;  Subject Score is 001;  ID Number is your WVU 700--- #.   Do not fill in MI, Phone 
number, Code, but write in your name in the vertical panel as well

Multiple choice questions

1  Dracula's next victim is a nurse, so,  following her customs, he has a nibble anterior to her elbow 
in the  __________ region?
A  Cervical
B  Crural
C  Inguinal
D  Cubital
E  Perineal

2  Which of the following organs is single, but would not be encountered on a mid-sagittal section 
_____?
A  Esophagus
B  Spleen
C  Spinal cord
D  Transverse colon
E  Rectum

3  What is the term for a muscle that helps a prime mover_____?
A  A secondary mover
B  A fixator
C  A synergist
D  An opponent

4  The movement of a limb towards the midline of the body is known as _____?
A  Flexion
B  Abduction
C  Pronation
D  Extension
E  Adduction

5  What is the best definition of the origin of a muscle _____?
A  The proximal attachment of the muscle to bone
B  The distal attachment of the muscle to a bone
C  the attachment to a bone that is relatively fixed
D  The attachment to a bone that is relatively moveable

6  Which of the following bones is not a part of the axial skeleton _____?
A  vertebra
B  clavicle
C  coccyx
D  rib
E  manubrium

7  The spinal curvatures in the ______ and ____ regions are referred to as primary, because the are 
present when we are born
A  thoracic; sacral
B  cervical; lumbar
C  thoracic; lumbar
D  cervical; sacral



8  The true ribs:
A  lack a sternal attachment
B  are the first four pairs
C  share a cartilaginous attachment to the sternum
D  attach to the sternum by their own individual cartilages
E  have no cartilaginous attachment to the sternum

9  Which of the following has an olecranon process ___?
A  Femur
B  Humerus
C  Radius
D  Ulna
E  Fibula

10  Which one of the following is not a coxal bone ____?
A  Ileum
B  Ilium
C  Ischium
D  Pubic bone


11  Which of the following is not a characteristic of the cervical vertebrae ___?
A  presence of a transverse foramen
B  two vertebrae are greatly modified
C  presence of facets for ribs
D  transverse foramen houses vertebral artery

12  The anatomical position does not include which of the following positions ___?
A  Head facing forwards, chin up
B  Standing erect
C  Hands at sides
D  Palms facing backwards

13  The dorsal body cavities are ____ , ____ ?
A  Thoracic and abdominal cavities
B  Cranial and spinal cavities
C  Cranial and thoracic cavities
D  None of the above


14  The term medial is _____?
A  a direction toward or at the midline of the body
B  indicating a region of a body part that is further from its origin or point of 
attachment
C  a term referring to the front of the body
D  a term referring to the superior (rostral) direction
E  a term referring to a direction away from the body's midline 

15  Popliteal, sural and femoral all refer to areas on the posterior surface of the  ___?
A  lower limb
B  upper limb
C  abdomen
D  neck and head
E  hand

16  The normal liver is protected under the ribcage on one side. It lies in the ____?
A  Left upper abdomen
B  Left lower abdomen  
C  Right upper abdomen
D  Right lower abdomen

17  The systems that coordinate and control other body systems are the ______ & ____?
A  cardiovascular and nervous systems
B  cardiovascular and endocrine systems
C  nervous and muscular systems
D  nervous and endocrine systems
E  cardiovascular and muscular systems

18  Which body system is most closely associated with the ability to contract or shorten ____?
A  nervous
B  endocrine
C  lymphatic
D  integumentary
E  muscular

19  The anatomical term meaning further from the point of attachment of a digit to the hand is 
____?
A  anterior
B  lateral
C  distal
D  medial
E  inferior

20  The anatomical term meaning the lower of two similar structures ___?
A  lateral
B  inferior
C  supra-
D  anterior
E  distal


21  The anatomists' name for the groin is the ____?
A  inguinal region
B  cubital region
C  axillary region
D  perineal region
E  peroneal region

22  On your travels through your Mom's pelvis (assuming Caesar was not invoked) you might have 
been obstructed by too protruding  _____?
A  iliac crests
B  ischial tuberosities
C  ischial spines
D  sciatic notches

23  Erector spinae muscles receive their motor nerve supply from ____?  
A  Ventral rami of spinal nerves
B  Dorsal rami of spinal nerves
C  Siperior rami of spinal nerves
D  Inferior rami of spinal nerves

24  Intercostal muscles receive their  motor nerve supply from ____?  
A  Ventral rami of spinal nerves
B  Dorsal rami of spinal nerves
C  Superior rami of spinal nerves
D  Inferior rami of spinal nerves

25  The pancreas participates in which of the following paired systems ____, ___?
A  digestive and endocrine
B  digestive and respiratory 
C  reproductive and endocrine
D  reproductive and respiratory
E  endocrine and respiratory

26  A sagittal section of the brain has cut it so ____?
A  across horizontally
B  into anterior and posterior parts
C  into right and left halves
D  on the diagonal

27  The floating ribs are so named because they have ___?
A  no posterior attachment
B  no anterior attachment
C  no attachment at either end to the axial skeleton




28  Which vertebra lacks a body ____?
A  C1
B  C2
C  T1
D  S1

29  The lamina of a typical vertebra connects which parts _____, ____?
A  Transverse process and body
B  Transverse process and tranverse foramen
C  Spine and transverse process
D  Superior articular process and transverse process

30  Old people often develop a humped upper back: this exaggerated thoracic curvature is termed 
____?
A  Kyphosis
B  Lordosis
C  Scoliosis 
D  Phimosis 

31  The place where spinal nerves exit the spine to serve the front and back of the body is the ____?
A  vertebral canal
B  transverse foramen
D  obturator foramen
E  intervertebral foramen

32  The xiphoid cartilage is _____?
A  attached to the sternal body
B  in the larynx
C  between the vertebrae
D  dividing the nasal chambers

33  Some processes cross organ-system responsibilities, but still need to be thought about.  You ate 
something nasty, and now, unnoticed, you've fallen off the back of a truck, way out in the desert.  
Which of  the following is unlikely to contribute to significant loss to the body of water  and 
electrolytes ____?
A  Excessive sweating
B  Excessive defecation
C  Excessive vomiting
D  Excessive bleeding
E  Excessive crying

34  The only joint between the axial skeleton and the upper limb  is the
A.  Coracoclavicular
B.  Sternoclavicular
C.  Acromioclavicular
D.  Coracoacromial
E.  Glenohumeral 



35  On the Fig below,  the name of the bone indicated by the arrow has how many letters in it ____?
A.  five
B.  seven
C.  nine 
D.  eleven





















Matching   For questions 36 through 40 match the numbered term with the definition/example.  
Mark  A,B,C,D, or E on your computer answer sheet

Definition/Example
  A. A groove  - the intertubercular _______________ 
  B. A large rough eminence - the deltoid ________________
  C. An abrupt or pointed projection - the _______________ of the radius
  D. A smooth flat, articular surface - __________________ of the vertebrae
  E. A depression - the olecranon - __________________ of the humerus 

Term
____ 36  Styloid process

____ 37  Fossa

____ 38  Sulcus

____ 39  Tuberosity

____ 40  Facet




True-false questions.  For questions 41 through 50, put A, if the statement is true; B, if it is false.

41  Skeletal muscle is always attached to the skeleton

42  To separate the image of the breast from that of the ribs and lung, the mammogram has to avoid 
the standard plane for a chest X-ray  frontal/coronal. 

43  Dorsal is a directional adjective equivalent in meaning to anterior

44  A baby lying prone is face-down

45  In one person, the number of ribs equals the number of thoracic vertebrae

46  In the anatomical position, the lateral forearm bone is the ulna

47  A flexing knee moves in the opposite direction to a flexing hip

48  Contraction of skeletal muscles in the constricted space of the leg helps pump venous blood 
back to the heart

49  The leg is that part of the lower limb situated between the hip and knee joints

50  The pelvis shown below is male