SAMPLE	EXAM III 	
BE SURE TO PUT THE ANSWERS ON THE SCANTRON SHEET

DIRECTIONS:  Choose the one best answer

_____25.  Which of the following would not apply to the location of the kidneys?
A.	retroperitoneal
B.	thoracic cavity
C.	abdominal cavity
D.	lumbar cavity


_____55. Which organ listed below is secondarily retroperitoneal? Meaning that it is gut 
that is attached to the posterior abdominal wall and thus does not have a mesentery
A.	ascending colon
B.	transverse colon
C.	sigmoid colon
D.	ileum
E.	jejunum

_____ 1.	The glands that frequently become inflamed when one gets the mumps are 
called the ___ glands.
A.	parotid
B.	submandibular
C.	sublingual
D.	sustentacular

_____2.	Which of the following does not contribute to the extensive surface of the 
small intestine at which the bulk of chemical digestion and nearly all food absorption 
occurs?
A.	rugae
B.	plicae circulares
C.	villi
D.	length and coiling of the tube
E.	microvilli

_____3.	There are _____ permanent teeth in a full set.
A.	32
B.	30
C.	34
D.	28

_____4.	These chisel-shaped teeth are adapted for cutting:
A.	biscupids
B.	premolars
C.	canines
D.	molars
E.	incisors

_____5.	An assailant stabs a man in the upper abdomen with a butcher knife.  The 
man's stomach is perforated.  The first layer of tissue in the stomach wall to be cut was 
the:
A.	lamina propria
B.	submucosa
C.	muscularis mucosa
D.	mucosa
E.	serosa

_____6.	The cells in the gastric glands that are responsible for producing 
hydrochloric acid are the:
A.	mucous
B.	goblet
C.	parietal
D.	chief

_____7.	The pancreatic duct and the bile duct empty their contents into the:
A.	cecum
B.	jejunum
C.	ileum
D.	duodenum
	
_____8.	The modified lymphatic capillaries located within the villi are called:
A.	Peyer's patches
B.	lacteals
C.	ampulla
D.	plicae

_____9.	Chief cells of the gastric glands secrete:
A.	mucus
B.	HCL
C.	Pepsinogen
D.	Trypsin
E.	Both (a) and (c) above are correct
F.	

_____10. The two structures that keep food in the stomach during digestion are the:
A.	submucosal and myenteric plexi
B.	hepatic and splenic flexures
C.	cardioesophageal and pyloric sphincters
D.	rugae and ileocecal valve

_____11. All the venous blood from the digestive system passes through the
A.	pancreas
B.	spermatic cord
C.	large intestine
D.	liver

____12.	The closed sac lined by serous membranes covering the viscera and 
internal abdominal wall is the:
A.	cecum
B.	pyloric antrum
C.	peritoneal cavity
D.	haustra

____13.	The parasympathetic nervous system influences digestion by:
A.	relaxing smooth muscle
B.	stimulating peristalsis and secretory activity
C.	constricting sphincters
D.	reducing blood flow

_____14. The blood vessel that supplies arterial blood to the stomach, liver and 
spleen is the:
A.	inferior mesenteric artery
B.	superior epigastric artery
C.	celiac trunk
D.	myenteric plexus

_____15. Which of the following list of viscera (on the left) is INCORRECTLY 
matched with its location on the quadrants of the abdomen?
A.	gall bladder  right upper quadrant
B.	cecum  right lower quadrant
C.	spleen  left upper quadrant
D.	sigmoid colon  right lower quadrant

_____16. The portion of the alimentary canal which is lined by stratified squamous 
epithelium is the:
A.	esophagus
B.	stomach
C.	small intestine
D.	colon

_____17. The goblet cells of the alimentary tract secrete:
A.	mucus
B.	intrinsic factor
C.	pepsinogen
D.	secretin

_____18. The  veins draining into the portal vein  do NOT include:
A.	splenic vein
B.	renal vein
C.	superior mesenteric vein
D.	inferior mesenteric vein

____ 19. The correct order for the layers found in the alimentary canal from the 
inside to the outside is:
A.	submucosa, mucosa, serosa, muscularis externa
B.	serosa, mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa
C.	mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa, serosa
D.	mucosa, serosa, muscularis externa, submucosa


_____ 20. The main arterial supply for the ileum would  be the:
A.	celiac trunk
B.	superior mesenteric artery
C.	inferior mesenteric artery
D.	renal artery 

_____21. The hepatic veins drain into the:
A.	portal vein
B.	azygos vein
C.	superior vena cava
D.	inferior vena cava

____22.	Blood in an afferent arteriole would enter which of the following next?
A.	arcuate artery
B.	efferent arteriole
C.	interlobular artery
D.	peritubular capillaries
E.	glomerulus

_____23. The left gonadal vein usually drains into the?
A.	inferior vena cava
B.	left renal vein
C.	portal vein
D.	inferior mesenteric vein
E.	superior mesenteric vein

_____ 46. Which of the following organs is NOT part of the alimentary canal?
	A. stomach
B. pancreas
	C. esophagus
	D. pharynx

_____ 47. The esophagus:
	A. extends from the pharynx to the stomach.
	B. is approximately 10 inches long in the adult.
	C. is posterior to the trachea, anterior to the vertebral column, and pierces the diaphragm.
	D. all of the above.

_____ 48. The sphincter between the stomach and duodenum is:
A. the pyloric sphincter. 
B. the cardiac sphincter. 
C. the sphincter of Oddi. 
D. the ileocecal sphincter.

_____ 49. The parasympathetic nervous system influences digestion by:
A. relaxing smooth muscle.
B. stimulating peristalsis and secretory activity.
C. constricting sphincters.
D. none of the above.


MATCHING
(Questions 63  65) Trace a drop of bile from the liver to the duodenum, naming all ducts along the way.

 Liver			Pathway of bile:
   ?
63.	       		A.	cystic duct
   ?
64.	       		B.	common bile duct
   ?
65.	       		C.	common hepatic duct
   ?
Duodenum		D.	right and left hepatic ducts



_____ 46.Which of the following organs is NOT part of the alimentary canal?
	A. stomach
	B. pancreas
	C. esophagus
	D. pharynx

_____ 47. The esophagus:
	A. extends from the pharynx to the stomach.
	B. is approximately 10 inches long in the adult.
	C. is posterior to the trachea, anterior to the vertebral column, and pierces the diaphragm.
	D. all of the above.

_____ 48. The sphincter between the stomach and duodenum is:
A. the pyloric sphincter. 
B. the cardiac sphincter. 
C. the sphincter of Oddi. 
D. the ileocecal sphincter.

_____ 49. The parasympathetic nervous system influences digestion by:
A. relaxing smooth muscle.
B. stimulating peristalsis and secretory activity.
C. constricting sphincters.
D. none of the above.


_____ 50. The layer of the digestive tube that contains blood vessels, lymphatic nodes, and glands is 
the:
A. mucosa. 
B. submucosa. 
C. muscularis externa. 
D. serosa.

_____ 51. Those structures in the small intestine that increase its surface area and thus aid in the 
absorption of food are called:
A. villi. 
B. microvilli. 
C. plicae circulares. 
D. all of the above.

24. The part of the autonomic nervous system that stimulates sweat glands is:
A.	sympathetic
B.	parasympathetic
C.	both
D.	neither 

25. The autonomic nerve of the abdomen is:
A.	V
B.	VII
C.	IX
D.	X

33. The motor portion of the ANS, sympathetic and parasympathetic, are characterized by a two-neuron chain.  The pre-ganglionic nerve cell body is found in the ____ and the post-ganglionic nerve cell body is found _____.
A.	central nervous system; in ganglia in the PNS
B.	peripheral nervous system; in nuclei in the CNS
C.	cerebellum; in ganglia in the PNS
D.	spinal cord only;  in ganglia in the PNS
E.	cerebral cortex; in ganglia in the PNS

41. Which of the following is controlled by sympathetic innervation?
A.	emergency situations
B.	fight or flight situations
C.	digestion after a big meal
D.	A and B are correct


42. What is found between the two motor neurons on the autonomic nervous system?
A.	a ganglion 
B.	an effector
C.	a synapse
D.	both A and C


43. What are groups of nerve cell bodies in the CNS called?
A.	nerves
B.	central area
C.	ganglia
D.	tracts
E.	nuclei

Question 48-52   Match the function with the appropriate part of the autonomic nervous system.  Mark A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet. (Use one answer more than once)

48. increases heart rate			A. sympathetic

49. moves fingers				B. parasympathetic

50. changes pupil diameter			C. both

51. increases intestinal movements		D. neither
		
52. causes dilation of bronchioles